Purchase triamterene dosage cheapest price on cialis 20. The e-communications act amendments package, approved last night at a sitting of the Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) and supported by all the three large political groups, contains sufficient guarantees to allow dispelling the fears of systematic control on traffic data.
At the sitting of the Liberals, the Member of the European Parliament Bilyana Raeva (NMSS-ALDE) pronounced in defense of the consumers. She expressed her strong support for guarantees to be included that the providers should not do traffic data processing for network and information security purposes. She insisted that authorised personnel should be the only bodies to differentiate between lawful and unlawful traffic data content and for implementing technical measures to ensure the security of the e-communication service. Such processing must be restricted to that which is strictly necessary for the purposes of such security activity(amendment 177 of the British EPP-CD Conservative MEP Malcolm Harbour’ Report) .
The processing of traffic data for network and information security purposes, ensuring the availability, authenticity, integrity and confidentiality of stored or transmitted data will enable the processing of such data for the legitimate interest of the data controller for the purpose of preventing unauthorized access and malicious code distribution, stopping the denial of service attacks, and damages to computer and electronic communication systems. The European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) should publish regular studies with the purpose of illustrating the types of processing allowed under Article 6 of this Directive.
A crucial part of the package is the report on internet usersA? rights. Online groups fear that this new legislation will lead to increased surveillance by Internet Service Providers (ISPs), state authorities and interested parties, such as the music and film industries.
Some present the issue as a head-on collision between copyright rules on one side and on-line anonymity on the other. However, negotiation between the political groups has led to a compromise, which says that in the absence of relevant EU rules, content, applications and services are deemed lawful or harmful in accordance with national law.
“For a better functioning contest against the systematic copyright rules breach and mostly against the child pornography dissemination, cooperation is needed to be set up with the Internet services providers and the authorised personnel”, said the Member of the European Parliament Bilyana Raeva. She is also supporting amendment 192 procedures where an agreement is expressed that the cooperation between providers and competent authorities should however not allow for systematic surveillance of internet usage.
During the last week, a group of citizens expressed their worries concerning the eventual adoption of a text by the EP in a form that might significantly violate the internet users’ rights and freedoms. Enhancing the protection of individuals’ privacy and personal data in the electronic communication sector, in particular through a new data breach notification requirement and improved enforcement mechanisms might lead to systematic surveillance of the network traffic data, IP addresses and end-users identification and personal data information dissemination(regarding Malcolm Harbour’ Report) . Some of the letters remind of the totally controlled and observed society, described by George Orwell in “1984″. Fortunately, The European Union disposes of a strict legislation controlling system.
are essential to the working of the internet. They identify network participating devices, such as computers or mobile smart devices by a number. Considering the different scenarios in which IP addresses are used, and the related technologies which are rapidly evolving, questions have arisen about their use as personal data in certain circumstances. The Commission should therefore conduct a study regarding IP addresses and their use and present such proposals as may be appropriate . The provider of a publicly available electronic communications service should take appropriate technical and organisational measures to ensure the security of its services. Without prejudice to the provisions of Directive 95/46/EC and 2006/24/EC such measures should ensure that personal data can be accessed only by authorised personnel for strictly legally authorised purposes and that the personal data stored or transmitted as well as the network and services are protected. Moreover a security policy with respect to the processing of personal data should be established in order to identify vulnerabilities in the system; regular monitoring and preventive, corrective and mitigating action should be carried out
On September 2, the EP Civil Liberties Committee, which is responsible for personal data protection, announced its position concerning the sensitive nature of main issues in the MEP Malcolm Harbour’ Report, where due to legal uncertainty the traffic data might enjoy a high level of surveillance.
The document gave rise to a wave of debates in all the EP political groups. The results of the debates are the two amendment packages settled by compromise, accessible to any citizen at the European Parliament’s web site.
The members of the European Parliament voted today the amended report concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector. End-users should decide what lawful content they want to be able to send and receive, and which services, applications, hardware and software they want to use for such purposes, without prejudice to the need to preserve the integrity and security of networks and services.
Consumers’ rights to information – before signing a contract – on the tariffs charged and on any restrictions imposed by the operator (for example, limits on access to internet voice communication services offered by Skype and other VOIP operators/services) should be significantly strengthened. The providers should only “inform” their clients on warnings regarding copyright infringement; no traffic surveillance is admitted (amendment 191).
Amendment 192 explicitly points out that “systematic surveillance of internet usage” is not acceptable in any case.
Amendment 193 insists on strengthening the consumers’ rights concerning the providers’ obligation to guarantee minimum quality of service. It is also noted in the amendment that providers should guarantee the ability of users to access or distribute content or to run applications and services of their choice is not unreasonably restricted.
This report, on users’ rights, does not seek to strengthen the provisions on copyright, stressed the rapporteur. Nor will it affect the idea of a universal service, which will soon be the subject of separate legislation.
Thus the Report offers: strengthening and improving consumer protection and user rights in the electronic communication sector; providing consumers with more information about prices and supply conditions; facilitating access to and use of e-communications; clarified pre contractual information requirements; broadding information and transparency provisions; new provisions for consumers to be given information on their legal obligations in using a service (especially respect of copyright) and the adoption of security safeguards; detailed amendments related to “112″ emergency number availability and caller location and a new 116 number for lost children set up.