THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION
The European Commission is the executive body of the Community and it is the guardian of the Treaties. It works in close collaboration with the European Parliament.The Commission presents, explains and defends its legislative proposals to the parliamentary committees, and must take account of the changes called for by the Parliament. The Commission is represented at all European Parliament plenary sittings, and must give an account of its policies when called upon to do so by a Member. The Commission is required to answer Members’ written and oral questions
THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
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The Council of the European Union, the Union’s other legislative body, is made up of ministers from the Member States and participates in the work of the European Parliament. The Council presidency is a rotating one as each Member State presides the Council in turn for a six month period. The Council of the European Union, represented by its President, can contribute to any of the debates in plenary. The President of the Council of the European Union presents his/her programme to Parliament in plenary, and initiates a debate with the Members at the beginning of each presidency.
At the end of the six-month presidency the President gives a final political report to the European Parliament . Up to four times a year the Heads of State or Governments of the Member States and the Commission President are holding meetings in the European Council (Summit). The Council establishes the general political guidelines for the European Union. After each European Summit the President of the European Council presents Parliament with a report on the outcome of its activities.